Useful Abbreviations & Acronyms

Have you ever read instructions or medical information and did not know what the abbreviations meant? So here we go:   

AbbreviationsMeanings
Abantibody
ACEangiotensin-converting-enzyme
ACLanterior cruciate ligament
ACTactivated clotting time
ACTHadrenocorticotropic hormone
ADHantidiuretic hormone
ad libas much as desired
agantigen
AGIDagar gel immunodiffusion
AIartificial insemination
AIHAautoimmune hemolytic anemia
ALPalkaline phosphatase
ALTalanine aminotransferase (SGPT)
ant.anterior
APanterior posterior
APTTactivated partial thromboplastin time
ASTaspartate aminotransferase (SGOT)
ATPadenosine triphosphate
AVatrioventricular
AZTazidothymidine
BALdimercaprol
bidtwice a day
BMRbasal metabolic rate
BPblood pressure
BSPsulfobromophthalein
BUNblood urea nitrogen
BWbody weight
Ccervical vertebrae (C1-C7)
ºCdegree Celsius (centigrade)
Cacalcium
calcalorie(s)
CATcomputerized axial tomography
CAVcanine adenovirus
cccubic centimeter
CCVcanine coronavirus
CDCCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
CDVcanine distemper virus
CFcardiac failure,
complement fixation
CHFcongestive heart failure
CHVcanine herpes virus
CKcreatine kinase
Clchloride
cmcentimeter(s)
CMIcell-mediated immunity
CNScentral nervous system
CO2carbon dioxide
CPKcreatinine phosphokinase
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPVcanine parvovirus
CSFcerebrospinal fluid
Cucopper
cucubic
DEADrug Enforcement Agency
DESdiethylstilbestrol
DICdisseminated intravascular coagulation
DJDdegenerative joint disease
dLdeciliter(s)
DMdiabetes mellitus
DMSOdimethyl sulfoxide
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid
DOCPdesoxycorticosterone pivalate
dxdiagnosis
ECGelectrocardiogram
ECPestradiol cypionate
EEGelectroencephalogram
EFAessential fatty acids
egfor example
EIAenzyme immunoassay
EKGelectrocardiogram
ELISAenzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMelectron microscopy
EPAEnvironmental Protection Agency
EPGeggs per gram (of feces)
EPOerythropoietin
ºFdegree Fahrenheit
FAfatty acid,
fluorescent antibody
FADflea allergy dermatitis
FCPfragmented coronoid process
FCVfeline calicivirus
FDAFood and Drug Administration
Feiron
FeLVfeline leukemia virus
FHVfeline herpes virus
FIPfeline infectious peritonitis
FIVfeline immunodeficiency virus
FLUTDfeline lower urinary tract disease
FOCMAfeline oncovirus – associated cell membrane antigen
FRVfeline rhinotracheitis virus
ftfoot, feet
FUOfever of undetermined origin
FUSfeline urologic syndrome (now termed feline lower urinary tract disease)
fxfracture
ggram(s)
galgallon(s)
GDVgastric dilatation and volvulus
GHgrowth hormone
GIgastrointestinal
grgrain(s)
H and Ehematoxylin and eosin (stain)
HCLhydrochloride
HCThematocrit
Hgbhemoglobin
HGEhemorrhagic gastroenteritis
HIhemagglutination inhibition
HODhypertrophic osteodystrophy
HPFhigh-power field
hrhour(s)
Iiodine
IBDinflammatory bowel disease
ICintracardiac
ICHinfectious canine hepatitis
IDintradermal
IDDMinsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IDSTintradermal skin test
iethat is
IFNinterferon
Igimmunoglobulin (with class following: A, D, E, G, or M)
IHAindirect hemagglutination antibody
IMintramuscular(ly)
INintranasal
ininch(es)
inf.inferior,
infection
IPintraperitoneal(ly)
IUinternational unit(s)
IVintravenous(ly)
IVDintervertebral disc
IVPintravenous pyelogram,
intravenous pyelography
Kpotassium
kcalkilocalorie(s)
KCSkeratoconjunctivitis sicca
kgkilogram(s)
kVpkilovolt peak
Lliter(s)
lat.lateral
lbpound(s)
LElupus erythematosus
lg anlarge animal(s), ie, farm animals, horses
LPFlow-power field
mmeter(s)
Mmolar
MAOImonoamine oxidase inhibitor
Mcalmegacalorie(s)
MCVmean corpuscular volume
MEmetabolizable energy
med.medial,
median
mEqmilliequivalent(s)
µgmicrogram
Mgmagnesium
mgmilligram(s)
MICminimum inhibitory concentration
minminute(s)
mLmilliliter(s)
MLVmodified live virus
mmmillimeter(s)
Mnmanganese
momonth(s)
mOsmmilliosmol(s)
MRImagnetic resonance imaging
Nasodium
NAFno abnormalities found
ngnanogram(s)
nmnanometer(s)
NRCNational Research Council
NSAIDSnon-steroidal anti-inflammatories
O2oxygen
OAosteoarthritis
OCDosteochondritis dissecans
ODright eye
OFAOrthopedic Foundation for Animals
OLMocular larval migran
OSleft eye
OTCover the counter
ozounce(s)
Pphosphorous
p/pppage/pages
PCRpolymerase chain reaction
PCVpacked cell volume
PDApatent ductus arteriosus
PEphysical exam
pgpicogram(s)
pHnegative logarithm of hydrogen ion activity (measure of the acidity of a solution)
pltplatelet
POper os, orally
post.posterior
ppbpart(s) per billion
ppmpart(s) per million
PRAprogressive retinal atrophy
PRNas required
PTprothrombin time
ptpint(s)
PTHparathyroid hormone
qevery
qidfour times daily
q4hevery 4 hours
qodevery other day
qtquart(s)
rroentgen unit(s)
RArheumatoid arthritis
RASTradioallergosorbent
RBCred blood cell(s)
RMSFRocky Mountain Spotted Fever
RNAribonucleic acid
rxtreatment, prescription
SCsubcutaneous(ly)
Seselenium
secsecond(s)
SGOTaspartate aminotransferase (ALT)
SGPTalanine aminotransferase
SLEsystemic lupus erythematosus
sm ansmall animal(s), ie, cats, dogs
sp/sppspecies (sing.)/species (pl.)
SPFspecific pathogen free
sqsquare
SSRIselective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
subcut.subcutaneous(ly)
sup.superior
Sub Qsubcutaneous(ly)
sxsurgery
T3triiodothyronine
T4thyroxine
tbsptablespoon(s)
TDNtotal digestible nutrients
tidthree times daily
toxotoxoplasmosis
TSHthyroid stimulating hormone
tspteaspoon(s)
Uunit(s)
UAPununited anconeal process
USPUnited States Pharmacopeia
UTIurinary tract infection
VDventral dorsal
viznamely
VLMvisceral larval migran
VNvirus neutralization
WBwestern blot
WBCwhite blood cell,
white blood (cell) count
wkweek(s)
wtweight
yryear(s)

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