Ferrets are enjoyable, exotic, and energetic pets who will keep you engaged and joyful whenever you are with them. But, just like most other pets, ferrets are also prone to a lot of diseases.
Learning about your ferret’s most common conditions can help you better prepare to recognize the signs and symptoms or possibly even prevent your ferret from getting sick.
Four of the most common diseases ferrets are vulnerable to include:
Many are treatable and preventable as long as the ferret is seen regularly and detected early by a veterinarian.
For the past few decades, the pet trade has made ferrets overbreed to increase such characteristics, including attractive color patterns, non-aggressive behavior, and intelligence.
As a part of this vigorous selective selection, the prevalence of specific inherited disorders has increased.
Domestic ferrets are far more likely to develop endocrine diseases and tumours than their wild counterparts.
Pay careful attention to the ferret’s eating and bathroom habits. Diarrhea, heavy consumption and urination, and anorexia are also early warning signs of severe chronic diseases.
Hair and weight loss can be symptoms of adrenal gland dysfunction which can be life-threatening.
Suppose the ferret is overly tired and has difficulty finding the energy to walk. In that case, it is also a symptom of an insulinoma—a significant decrease in blood glucose that can lead to seizures, comas, or even death.
If your ferret is acting uncommon the least bit, it may well be proof of one thing abundant more profound.
It is vital to go to your veterinarian a minimum of once a year to check up and analyze your ferret’s overall health. Ideally, a ferret owner ought to be ready to possess check-ups performed every six months.
The most common ferret diseases include:
Thanks to vaccines for this illness, distemper is not as commonly seen as it used to be, but it is still a significant threat to pet ferrets.
Distemper is fatal and very infectious, so the ferret owner culture takes it seriously. Many ferrets receive their first distemper vaccine from the breeding facility and hence, bolstered about a month later and regularly.
The illness shows signs of teary eyes and swelling initially, but ferrets with distemper can all grow crusty food pads and portions of their face.
These skin modifications are classic for the disease.
Ferret Adrenal Gland Disease
Adrenal gland disease may be the most prevalent ferret disease of all. Many causes may affect this ailment, but there is no proper treatment.
Experts believe that early spay and neuter activities can play a role in growing adrenal cortex disease. Still, they also consider diet and a lack of Oxidative damage to be contributors.
The adrenal glands secrete various hormones, like sex hormones, which may be possible because of the extraction of a ferret’s reproductive organs at such a young age.
The adrenal glands also emit sex hormones during their existence; the glands become swollen and malignant.
An infusion or medications can also control the hormone secretions during a ferret’s lifespan with the disease.
Symptoms of adrenal cortex disease include hair loss, ulcerative enlargement, prostate gland swelling (causing an inability to urinate in male ferrets), itchiness, and hostility.
Lymphoma is a horrible disease in ferrets that attacks the lymph nodes. It is lethal, and there is no known prevention for it.
Experts typically presume lymphoma where a lymph node becomes noticeably swollen. Ferrets, like most species, have lymph nodes in various positions on their bodies.
On their belly, in their armpits, and on the back of their hind legs are the most frequent locations that people reported for swollen lymph nodes to occur in their ferrets.
But often, stomach surgery exposes swollen lymph nodes that would not be visible externally. Not all swollen lymph nodes are malignant, though.
Diseases can lead lymph nodes to expand momentarily.
Ferret Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Ferret Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a heart defect that can cause accidental death in pet ferrets. While it isn’t as widespread as some other diseases, it is also a problem for a ferret owner.
Dilated cardiomyopathy is a heart disease in ferrets. Symptoms ferret owners might see include fatigue, lethargy, coughing, and an elevated respiratory rate(breathing fast).
It is because the heart is functioning more quickly due to the disease process. The disorder can be impossible to detect at first until the vet detects a heart murmur or you get an echocardiogram done.
Medications are helpful to minimize how much work the heart needs to pump blood, but there is no treatment for dilated cardiomyopathy.
Ferret Gastrointestinal Blockage
Ferrets are quite the naughty critters, and because of that, they frequently get themselves into trouble as they ingest items that they should not consume.
Rubbery things are particularly enticing to ferrets due to the squishy feel, and chewing often leads to swallowing.
These foreign objects will hinder or block a ferret’s gastrointestinal tract, and if not removed, they can be life-threatening.
It may be challenging to tell whether or not your ferret ate anything that would induce obstruction.
After a little bit, your ferret will start to avoid defecating and vomiting and won’t be able to hold food down, may lose weight, become lethargic, and can feel sore in your ferret’s belly as you pick it up.
A radiograph (x-ray) will detect a foreign object and obstruction, and then surgery or endoscopic retrieval may occur based on whether the component is present and where it is.
Attempting to prevent gastrointestinal obstructions may sound simple, but typically, owners don’t even know how their ferrets got their hands on something they should not eat.
You might discover chewed-off remote keys, and small objects dropped on the surface, key chains, fridge magnets, and more in ferret tummies.
Ferret Aplastic Anaemia
If someone ever asked you if you got your ferrets spayed, the reason is aplastic anaemia. Female ferrets that go into heat need to mate to prevent their bodies from releasing massive estrogen and suppressing bone marrow.
Bone marrow is where the blood gets produced, or if this development stops, the ferret becomes anemic.
Symptoms of anaemia are typically lethargy, fatigue, and pale gums. Ferrets who have been in heat for more than a few weeks are at risk of being anaemic.
Fortunately, it is treatable by your doctor and preventable by spaying your ferret.
Ferret Dental Disease
Ferrets have teeth, and with teeth comes oral disease if you do not take proper care of them. Not many people clean their ferret’s teeth, but they should give them appropriate foods for those teeth.
Kibble does not cater to ferret teeth’ wellbeing, but entire prey items, including mice and chicks, do.
Ferrets tend to rip apart their food and crunch on bones, but most owners can’t even fathom the idea of their ferret doing what comes easily to them, so they feed them ferret kibble instead.
Diseased teeth trigger discomfort, short breath, and you can see your ferret repeatedly licking their lips or pawing at their ears.
The vet should remove poor teeth, but even yet, oral decay is avoidable with good diets, chew toys, or anyone courageous enough to clean their ferret’s teeth.
Go and See The Veterinarian Immediately
If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above in your pet, then taking it to a veterinarian is essential. Try not to delay vet appointments as sometimes even mild symptoms can result in something big, and your ferret’s health might deteriorate.
Please do not give your ferret, or in this case, any animal, medicines without consulting an expert; it might react or cause an allergy to your pet or even worsen their condition.
Adopt a pet only when you are ready to commit to them thoroughly and giving them everything they need. Ferrets are fragile animals that require their owners’ care, love and support.
Please make sure you do everything in your capacity and never trade their health for anything in the world.